Radiation Sickness
Jordan Leyh and Tori Lohnes

What is radiation?
There are two types of radiation- Ionizing and Non-Ionizing. Ionizing radiation is the harmful kind that can destroy body tissue and cause severe illness.
Non-Ionizing radiation is less harmful and does not harm body tissue due to exposure for short periods of time.


Symptoms:
If you are exposed to a high amount of Ionizing Radiation in a small time period you may suffer from Acute Radiation Syndrome.
The severity of Acute Radiation Syndrome symptoms vary on the level of exposure.
  • A radiation dose as low as 0.30 Gy could make you feel like you have the flu. Some symptoms you might have are nausea, vomiting, headaches, and a fever.
  • A higher dose of radiation would be 1-4 Gy. If you are exposed to this kind of radiation, blood cells will begin to die. You can suffer from a weakened immune system because of your white cell count dropping. You might also have uncontrollable bleeding from the lack of platelets. If you are exposed to at least 2 Gy, you will most likely notice a sunburn from the radiation.
  • A more dangerous dose of radiation, between 4-8 Gy, can lead to being fatal. The symptoms you would have from this exposure are vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, and a fever. If you do not get treatment soon enough you could die in just a few weeks.
Radiation sickness video
Treatment:There are several treatments for radiation sickness as there are various ways to receive it. One may become infected externally as well as internally.
External Radiation Sickness-
If radiation is external, decontamination will remove about 90% of the radiation particles by taking off the clothing that the radiation particles are attached to and gently washing the skin will clear away most of the remaining particles. This reduces chances of the radiation being absorbed through the skin and affecting one internally.Internal Radiation Sickness-When internal contamination occurs, specific treatments will treat specific illnesses.


Potassium Iodide-This is nonradioactive and prevents radiation from being absorbed into the body. This type of preventative is often used during a nuclear meltdown and given as a pill. It moves to the thyroid and fills any gaps that might let radiation through.
Prussian Blue-This is a dye that attracts radioactive particles and attaches to them to remove them from the body through the intestine. This only remove cesium and thallium elements however.
DTPA-Diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid attaches to certain radioactive elements which include curium, americium, and plutonium and removes them from the body at a quicker pace.Additional treatments specific to element.
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Life Expectancy if Exposed:Life expectancy depends on the amount of exposure and time one is exposed. With treatment, one might survive and continue on with their life with chronic illnesses or if a low dose is absorbed, only feel off for a couple of days, but without treatment, one might live for a few weeks with a higher dose absorbed into the body.

Radiation spreads far and quickly.
Radiation spreads far and quickly.

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Which is more harmful: A Surface Blast or an Air Blast?
In an explosion where radiation occurs, such as when nuclear weapons or blasts create thermal radiation, the air blast, or waves that occur, can potentially be more dangerous than the initial blast itself. When a nuclear bomb hits, the explosion itself only affects a small area, but the radiation that is emittd after it has exploded is what causes the most damage. The waves the come from the detonation spread for miles, completely changing the atmosphere, air pressure, and all life around it. Even though the bomb is detonated, the wreckage of the emission can spread onward for days, reaching other places of the world. Although the surface blast causes much harm, the radiation transmitted prior to the discharge is the most harmful.
Multiple Choice - OK ~Mr. C.

Works Cited"Global Research." Global Research. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Definition." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 06 Oct. 2012. Web. 12 Nov. 2013."What Nuclear Radiation Does To Your Body." Gizmodo. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
AJ Software & Multimedia. "Basic Effects of Nuclear Weapons." The Blast Wave.
Division of Undergraduate Education, National Science Foundation Grant, n.d.
Web. 12 Nov. 2013.