Acute Radiation Syndrome
- damage to the human tissue caused by a large amount of radiation that can be exposed to over a short period of time;(acute), or a long period of time; which is considered (chronic). The more radiation you're exposed to depending on what it is, the more sick you will be.
  • The most common exposures to low-dose radiation, usually from X-Rays or CT scans, don't cause radiation sickness because they don't last long enough to do so.
The two types:
  1. Ionizing Radiation-immediate chemical reaction takes place on the human tissue. (X-Rays, gamma rays, and particle bombardment from neutron and electron beams, protons, and mesons. This type of radiation is often used for manufacturing and industrial purposes, medical purposes, weapons , and the building of weapons.
  2. nonIonizing Radiation- comes through exposure to light, radio waves, microwaves, and radar. This specific type of radiation does not affect us, humans, because our skin tissue is too thick.
Depending on where on your body , and how much radiation you were exposed to , determines how severe your condition will be, after being exposed. Younger children, and babies are much more susceptible to be severely damaged by radiation. Symptoms can occur immediately , or shortly after exposure; a few days, to weeks, to months to when the symptoms will occur. The bone marrow, and gastrointestinal tract are the most sensitive to radiation injuries
Signs of how severe radiation exposure can be:
  1. The amount of time between exposure and when the symptoms are encountered.
  2. how severe the symptoms are.
  3. And the changes in the persons' white blood cells, which only a doctor could inform you of. Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhea, loss of appetite, fatigue, fever, ; could lead to seizure, or coma. - Skin damage caused from high dose of radiation; (skin can start swelling, itching, redness may occur ( feeling and looking like sunburn; blisters or even ulcers may occur.) -The time for skin to heal and severity of skin damage depends on the dosage of radiation that you were exposed to. - People who were exposed to a high dosage of radiation, to all or most of the body may experience hair loss. Treatment: -The main focus through treatment, is to help retrieve, and recoup the damaged damaged bone marrow, and help the patient recover. -The lower the radiation exposure, the more likely it is for the patient to recover. - The higher the dose of radiation, the more damage to the bone marrow; which causes internal bleeding, and infections, ( usually the main cause of death). - RECOVERY PROCESS FOR (ARS) SURVIVORS: ranges from 2 weeks- to up to 2 years

Multiple Choice - NONE ~Mr. C.